Tag - Maintenance

BCN3D Sigma: Cleaning the filament feeder

About 7kg of filament later and lots delightful prints with the BCN3D Sigma we noticed  that ground filament and dust had accumulated on the extruder feeder gear. Perfect opportunity to clean the filament feeder by taking it apart, checking out how it is engineered and learn a bit more about the Sigma!

Here is how we did it step by step.

Step 1. Unscrew the socket cap screw shown below to release the bottom Bowden tube. the printed part holds against a nut which is screwed on the tube. Simple and effective!

BCN3D Sigma feeder, lower bowden tube fixing
BCN3D Sigma showing the bottom bowden filament guiding tube fixing system, nut and printed part

Step 2. Unscrew the 2 nuts holding the stepper motor board shield and unplug the stepper motor. Try not to lose the tubular spacers! Take them out and store them safely.

Unscrewing the stepper motor driver board shield on the BCN3D Sigma
BCN3D Sigma extruder motor stepper motor driver board exposed

Step 3. Remove the top Bowden tube from the feeder by pushing down on the grey ring and pulling the tube out . Then unscrew the nuts holding the stepper motor bracket on the frame. Remove the feeder from the Sigma.

Removing the top bowden tube of the BCN3D Sigma
Removing the extruder feeder from the BCN3D Sigmas frame

Step 4. Now start taking the feeder apart. Unscrew the large grub screw and remove the tension adjustment spring. Then unscrew the 3 long hex screws which hold all the parts on the stepper motor.

Unscrewing the tension screw of the BCN3D Sigma extruder feeder
Removed screws from the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma

Step 8.  Dissemble the feeder and clean all the parts from filament grindings and dust with a small brush. A toothbrush will also do!

The parts of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma 3D printer
Brushing off the dust from the feeder gear on the BCN3D Sigma

Step 9. Reassembly time! Start  by placing the aluminium bracket with the bent part facing towards the cables. Then the plastic spacer and pinch levers as shown below.

Reassembly of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma
Reassembly of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma
Reassembly of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma
Reassembly of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma

Step 10. Insert the tension spring through the hole of the top lever and screw in the large grub screw to compress it. In my experience 1 turn after the top of the screw is flush with the lever surface give a good starting point in terms of spring tension.

Reassembly of the extruder feeder of the BCN3D Sigma tension spring
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Step 11. Take the feeder back to the Sigma and fix the bottom Bowden tube on before mounting on the frame, makes life easier! Then slide the feeder on the studs of the frame and fix it in place with the 2 nuts. Connect the motor back to the driver. IMPORTANT! Don’t forge the spacers!!! 2 on each side of the board.

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Step 13. Fix the aluminium stepper driver shield back on and insert the top Bowden tube. Done! grabs beer…

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